Maharashtra is a state in the western region of India and is the nation’s third largest state and also the world’s second-most populous sub-national entity. It has over 110 million inhabitants and its capital, Mumbai, has a population of approximately 18 million. Nagpur serves as second capital as well as winter capital of the state. Maharashtra’s business opportunities along with its potential to offer a higher standard of living attract migrants from all over India.
Ancient and medieval Maharashtra included the empires of the Satavahana dynasty, Rashtrakuta dynasty, Western Chalukyas,Mughals and Marathas. Spread over 118,809 sq mi (307,710 km2), it is bordered by the Arabian Sea to the west and the Indian states of Karnataka, Telangana, Goa, Gujarat, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh and the Union territory of Dadra and Nagar Haveli. The major rivers of the state are Godavari, Krishna, Narmada and Tapi. The state has several tourist destinations including the popular Hindu places of pilgrimage, Pandharpur, Dehu and Alandi. Places with wide appeal include Hazur Sahib Nanded atNanded, and Saibaba shrine at Shirdi. Maharashtra is the most urbanized state in India, with large cities besides the capital Mumbai such as Pune, Nashik, Nagpur and Aurangabad.
Maharashtra is one of the wealthiest and the most developed states in India, contributing 25% of the country’s industrial output and 23.2% of its GDP (2010–11). As of 2011, the state had a per capita income of 1.0035 lakh (US$1,500), more than the national average of 0.73 lakh (US$1,100). Its GDP per capita crossed the 1.20 lakh (US$1,800) threshold for the first time in 2013, making it one of the richest states in India. However As of 2014, the GDP per capita got reduced to 1.03 lakh(US$1,600) Agriculture and industries are the largest parts of the state’s economy. Major industries include chemical products, electrical and non-electrical machinery, textiles, petroleum and allied products.